Photo Archives: Khovar painting, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand

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Sugiya Devi, Village - Kharati, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand. Photo credit and copyright; Justin Imam
Sugiya Devi, Village - Kharati, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand. Photo credit and copyright; Justin Imam
Khovar is a marriage mural art of the tribaland Scheduled castes communities of Hazaribagh, found throughout the plateau.

Hazaribagh is the headquarter of the North Chhotanagpur Division located on a plateau with the leafy township of middle size surrounded by a number of picturesque forest villages hamlet in hills and valley. The Hazaribagh and adjoining Chatra district have revealed nearly 18 pre-historic rock art sites dated to the Mesol-Chalcolithic period (10,000 B.C) in the Sati, Maudhi and Satpahar hills in the North Karanpura valley, drained by the river Damodar flowing west to east. These painted rock-art shelters referred to by local tribals as Khovar meaning Caves of the bridal couple were first brought to light by Bulu Imam (Convenor INTACH Hazaribagh in 1991.

Khovar (Kho is caveand Vara bridal couple) is a marriage mural art of the tribaland Scheduled castes communities of Hazaribagh (Jharkhand) found throughout the plateau, living in forested hill villages, and agricultural valleys. Khovar or the Comb-Cut art done during the marriage season, a type of sgraffito art using Reversed Slip pottery technique. This technique consists of applying a ground base-coat of manganese black earth Ochre and letting it dry, after which a wet slip of kaolin creamy white earth colour is applied and cut or scraped off in various designs or motifs with a plastic or bamboo comb, or with the four fingers of the hand. The under layer is of a stark contrast with the upper layer, usually black and white. Here are some pictures; 

Click here for Sohrai Paintings.

Photo Archives

Khovar painting, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand



Khovar painting, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand
Documentation:  Alka and Justin Imam, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, 2015
Gallery images: 11 
Courtesy: Alka and Justin Imam
Copyright: Virasat Trust 

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